A bag includes one number card each for the numbers 1 to 25. 25 students randomly select a number card from the bag. Carrie says that if the number is the input and the student is the output, the relationship is a function. Mario says that if the student is the input and the number is the output, the relationship is a function. Who is correct?
Answer:Both are correct.Step-by-step explanation:Let us say the domain in the first case, [tex]$ A $[/tex] has the numbers. And the co-domain has the students, [tex]$ B $[/tex].Now for a relation to be a function, the input should have exactly one output, which is true in this case because each number is associated (picked up by) with only one student. The second condition is that no element in the domain should be left without an output. This is taken care by the equal number of students and the cards. 25 cards and 25 students. And they pick exactly one card. So all the cards get picked. Note that this function is one-one and onto in the sense that each input has different outputs and no element in the co domain is left without an image in the domain. Since this is an one-one onto function inverse should exist. If the inverse exists, then the domain and co domain can be interchanged. i.e., Students become the domain and the cards co-domain, exactly like Mario claimed. So, both are correct!